The heavy glass beer bottle pictured to the above left is a classic example of a utilitarian bottle from the late 19th century which was typically reused but follows the dating guidelines on this and the related dating s.
The dating guidelines found on these Dating s and the entire website do not always work well with what the author calls "specialty" bottles click for more Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle. For example, some bottle types which were intended to be kept indefinitely like the early 20th century Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle bottle pictured to the right were produced with the use of pontil or punty Plymouth sexy call leaving telltale pontil scars on bottles into at least the early 20th century.
The base image below left is of an late 19th to early 20th century barber bottle base Deray Bournemouth girlfriend a very distinct blowpipe pontil scar with a little residual iron from the pontil rod.
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Another exception example is that the bottles for expensive, limited production liquors e. Many specialty bottles were imported from Europe, though that fact may Couples massage Bradford beach at times hard to impossible to ascertain.
Specialty bottles can be, of course, occasionally found on historic sites usually fragments, but occasionally intact but can rarely be used to help date the site because of the diagnostic problems and deposition lag issues noted.
Having stated the above, there are still many diagnostic features or characteristics that provide a high probability of both Set City of London date and typing a bottle with some precision. A key concept in historic bottle dating is the high probability i. The general probability estimates noted on this website are based on a merging of reliable references with empirical observations made by this site's affiliated consulting experts see the About This Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle and the author all of whom have been students of historic bottle dating and identification for many years.
Notes on Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle, labeling, and existing research Raised embossing and when present, paper labeling on a bottle can frequently provide important details to refine the probable manufacturing date Free christian dating site in Wallasey if information exists for the company that either manufactured the bottle i.
For example, the early San Francisco mineral water bottle pictured here is known to date between based on the information provided by the embossing company name embossed on the pictured side and the glass maker - Union Glass Works - embossed on the reverse and research done by collectors Markota Researched historical information of variable depth and quality exists for thousands of different - typically embossed - bottles. Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle works generally cover either a particular city, region, or category of bottles.
See the References for more information. For a large majority of embossed and unembossed bottles, however, there is little or nothing formally published on the details of their origins.
Only a relative few geographic areas or areas of collecting interest have received more than cursory Cambridge boy naked treatment and the majority of this is Dating game lounge Chelmsford to the efforts of collectors.
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Time has taken its toll on records, of course, but much of what happened in the past was simply not documented well or at all as with most endeavors of common people in the past. As noted in Munsey's book, "When it comes to methods of dating bottles As Munsey also notes - "Most of Hottest milfs in East Kilbride is used today to date bottles Still all true today.
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This body of information will be utilized and Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle to make dating and typing estimates for the majority of bottles for Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle there is either no specific company or glass maker information available or such is not possible to determine because the Friendship sites in Southampton free are unmarked i.
Stell Newman Newman Newman's key made a noble attempt at simplifying bottle dating, but is weakened by the fact that the subject is much too complex to be conducive to such a simple approach by. Also, the format and space constraints of a journal article do not allow for the elaboration and illustrations necessary to make a key function fully Jones b.
Newman wryly recognized all this with his reworking of an old saying: "This bottle dating key is for the guidance of the wise and the obedience of fools.
This website is deed to have the informational depth, pictures, and illustrations necessary to solve the problems of the Newman key though his warning still holds, although hopefully less so. This entire website is essentially a key to the dating and typing of Meet someone Stevenage.
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However, the author of this site still recommends Dr. Girlfriend says she needs space but still talks to me in United Kingdom jumping into the key, it must again be emphasized that no single key can get a user to an absolutely precise date for any bottle.
The best the following key can do is get a user to a reliably close dating range estimate. Other information on this website usually must Massage barker Crawley reviewed to fine tune the information about a specific bottle.
In addition, other references beyond the scope of Betong Stourbridge girl website usually must be consulted to get as complete of a dating and typing story as is possible for any given bottle. This include period newspapers, business directories, glass makers catalogs, trade journals and related publications, and other sources too numerous to.
Keep this all in mind as you progress through the key which follows and on into the other website s Starting with Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle 1follow through the questions as suggested.
There is frequent hyper-linking between the diagnostic characteristics Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle terminology listed Fat cow burger Glasgow this and other website s.
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New Sale call girl price This is done to allow the user to get more information or clarification as they proceed through the key. Pursue these links freely since they will take a user to more details on bottle dating and identification Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle hopefully add to the users knowledge and understanding about the bottle being "keying.
The three questions found on this below answer several basic questions about a given bottle. Answers to these questions will then direct a user to one of the two additional dating s which are extensions of this key for the two major classes of bottles: mouth-blown bottles and machine-made bottles.
Read the Beach therapeutic massage Halesowen - and accompanying explanations and exceptions - very carefully as the correct answer is critical to moving properly Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle the "key.
For examples of how to use this dating key see the Examples of Dating Historic Bottles. This guides a user through the key for seven different type and age bottles with several being side-by-side comparisons of very similar bottles of different eras. This also shows how other portions of this website can provide information pertinent to the bottle in question. See the About Morley county sex offender list Site for more information about the author and contributors.
For brevity, most of the specific references are not noted in the key's narratives. They are noted on the other website s which expand on the information summarized in the key. If you know your bottle is machine-made click Machine-Made Bottles to move directly to that.
I banged my neighbor in United Kingdom you know your bottle is mouth-blown aka hand-made click Mouth-blown Bottles to move directly to that. If unsure about what embossing or vertical side mold seams picture below are, click on Bottle Morphology to see Online dating Royal Leamington Spa sites sub- for a illustration and explanation of these and many other key bottle related physical features.
Return back to this by closing the Bottle Morphology. Vertical side mold seam on the neck of a beer bottle ending well below the finish, indicating that it was at least partially handmade - ca. YES - The bottle has embossing or visible vertical side mold seams somewhere on the body between the heel and the base of the finish or lip. A bottle may have mold seams but no embossing, but all Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle bottles were molded and have mold seams even if they are not readily apparent.
Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle note 2 below if there is embossing but it is only within a disk of glass which appears applied to the neck, shoulder or body of the bottle. This bottle is either free-blownSex call Newcastle under Lyme moldedor was produced in a "turn-mold" aka "paste-mold" where the side mold seam is erased during manufacturing.
A "NO" answer is much less likely than "YES" for this question as a very large majority of bottles made during the 19th century and virtually all made during Mendip man 20th century were mold blown resulting in mold seams; see the note.
The reverse side and base are not embossed. From this embossing we know that this bottle is a milk or cream bottle; so the bottle type has been already established.
It is apparent that the answer to Question 1 is "YES" since this bottle has raised embossing. The picture to the right is a close-up of the neck Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle finish of the Cloverdale Dairy bottle.
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This bottle has side mold seams which fade out on the neck where indicated in the picture click to enlarge and do not show at any point above that on the bottle.
The bottle also does not have a Escorts df Horsham down surface at the top of the finish i.
This feature would nominally yield a "NO" answer to Question 2, indicating it is a mouth-blown bottle and dating prior to aboutand move one to Question 4 on the Mouth-blown Bottles section of the Swansea nightlife sex complex.
However, this determination would be incorrect for Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle bottle! It is noted in the "Exception note" just under the "NO" answer to Question 2 that machine-made milk bottles made between the early s through at least the s are the major exception to the side mold seam rule as these bottles exhibit a disappearance of the side mold seams on the neck that emulates that found on a mouth-blown bottle with a tooled finish. However, these bottles lack other mouth-blown characteristics and have one feature Moroccan escorts in Lowestoft is only found on machine-made bottles made by a press-and-blow machine - Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle valve or ejection mark on the base.
We now have a dating range - albeit a fairly wide range - for this bottle from the early s to about The user is then encouraged in the note Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle Question 2 to move to the Machine-made Bottles section Question 8 where one bit of additional dating refinement is that the glass has a slight straw color tint indicating manufacture Massage clinique Aberdeen hills the late s.
For brevity we will skip that portion of the Dating. Additional information on this website could be found Darroughs Stoke on Trent visiting the Bottle Bases which would provide some information the small circular, press-and-blow machine induced valve aka ejection mark on the base picture.
The noted scuffing and wear on the bottle is a result of milk bottles typically being reused dozens or scores of times Lockhart pers. There is, however, one additional bit of information that greatly assists the dating of this bottle - the very faint rectangle embossed on the front heel Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle the bottle.
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Pacific Coast Glass used this mark from to Roller ; Lockhart pers. Additional information is provided by the authors half pint version of this same bottle which has the "PC in a split rectangle" mark very distinctly embossed in the same location; a very common spot for milk bottles made by Pacific Coast Glass.
Thus, we Nuevo Purley United Kingdom boys town can be White spot Saint Albans certain that this milk bottle was made between andwhich is consistent - though much more precise - than the date range arrived at.
This is an example Indian prostitutes Hereford the importance of makers marks - when such a mark is present - in the entire equation of dating a bottle. Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle two latter works would provide some general information on milk bottles that would be pertinent though not specific to this Nevada example.
This includes dating by glass weight Girade which indicates a pre-WWII manufacturing date for this bottle and information on plate embossing, valve marks, finishes, closures, and more Lockhart This final example will date two different age examples of bottles with virtually the same size and shape but which held different products and came from opposite ends of the country.
It is apparent that the answer to Question 1 is "YES" since both bottles have raised embossing. The embossing indicates that these have to be a molded bottles and can not be either free-blown, dip molded, or from a turn-mold. This is where the two bottles quickly diverge in the key. Bottle "A" has a side mold seam which ends immediately below the sloppy base of the finish as shown in the picture to the right upper. This yields a "NO" answer to Question 2 and we now may conclude that "A" is a mouth-blown bottle likely dating prior to The user is now directed to move to Question 4 for bottle "A" - the first question in the section of the key that deals with the dating of App Stockport bottles.
This continues. Bottle "B" does not have a ground down surface on the top of the finish but does have a side mold seam which goes up through and to the top of the finish Le massage Bath see picture to right lower.
It also has the highly diagnostic horizontal mold seam circling the neck just below the bottom of the finish as well as the multiple and offset seams that are indicative of a machine manufacturing. This yields a "YES" answer to Question 2 and we know that this is a machine-made bottle likely dating it no earlier than about For bottle "B", the user is now directed on the Dating to move to the Machine-made Bottles portion of the Dating.
To keep the dating Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle confusing here, we will first finish with bottle "A", then move to bottle "B" further down the City massage and bodywork Dartford reviews. The picture to the left top shows Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle bottle "A" has no evidence of any type of pontil scar or mark on the base.
So the answer to Question 4 is "NO" which indicates that bottle "A" is not likely to date prior to So at this point in the Dating key we can Tinder Newcastle upon Tyne confident that bottle "A" dates somewhere between about and Click on the "A" picture above to see more distinctly where the side mold seams ends on this bottle.
This bottle has a side mold seam that distinctly ends right at the base of the finish. There is also an obvious and almost "sloppy" excess of glass flowing from Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle base of the finish onto the neck.
Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle user is now directed to move to Question 6which deals with diagnostic base features. Click on the base picture for "A" to the upper left and it is obvious that this bottle has mold seams on Keighley United Kingdom date ideas base.
This yields a "YES" answer to Question 6 which helps confirm that this bottle was made no later than about Under the "YES" answer for Question 6 there is more dating refinement possible based on the type or orientation of mold seams on the base.
Bottle "A" has a distinctive "key mold" seam - a base mold seam that has a arch Healthy Leeds massage Leeds notch in the middle Huddersfield chat lines numbers free trial. This yields a likely date range under this question of between and for non-pontiled bottles like "A". At this point in the dating, the overlapping date ranges from all the questions gives Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle user a much narrowed probable date range of to for bottle "A".
Close inspection of bottle "A" indicates no evidence of air venting marks anywhere on the bottle. This is consistent with the very flattened embossing on this bottle can not be seen in the picture.
This indicates that bottle A" was produced East Kilbride international hotel massage to The lack of air venting does not help with the dating refinement of bottle "A" so we actually reached the end of dating with Question 6 and its conclusion that bottle "A" was highly likely to have been blown between and Bertrand Reigate girl in surrey sank in the Missouri River in April had dozens Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle cases of these black glass Hostetter's Bitters on board.
It is likely this bottle also dates from that era, i.
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Read through the introductory Massage romulus Halifax of Machine-made Bottles for general information about machine-made bottles, then move on to the first question in that Single frauen Washington - Question 8 - which deals with the glass color.
Note: This section of the Dating key is a series of independent questions Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle the answer to any given one is not dependent on the answer to another; a user may sequentially view each of the questions. Since the glass does have ificant sized bubbles, it likely dates during the period between and s.
Move to the next question. The base picture of bottle "B" does show a diamond with "" inside on the base, but it is not the distinctive "Diamond O-I" marking shown under this question. The latter company was in operation during the era this bottle most likely dates from - Toulouse The proximity Rugby 24 online the company to Oregon would make it a likely source.
The bottle does have a distinctive suction mark indicating that it was made by an Owens Automatic Bottle Machine. These machines were d by Owens Bottle Company and used by Gay young Bedford other companies.
Dating pfaltzgraff Bootle
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